Harvesting Black Walnuts
The kids and I gathered black walnuts from a huge walnut tree on my dad’s part of the property last weekend. He’s had this land for over ten years now, and this is the very first time I’ve ever decided to use the walnuts for anything! Terrible, I know.
Harvesting nuts is not as easy as it sounds. It’s actually quite a process. Black Walnuts have a husk around the shell that needs to be removed before you can even get to the shell of the nut. When the walnuts are ripe, they will fall from the tree and the green husk will begin to turn dark. This usually happens late September or early October. Once they are dark they are ready for the husks to be removed.
You have to work quick though. Once the walnuts start falling to the ground, it’s a race between you and the squirrels to see who can get the most! A good tip when you are picking up black walnuts is to wear gloves! The juice from the black husks will stain your hands and clothes.
The kids and I filled our bags with the nuts and took them home to prepare. The nuts we harvested were really wet from the rain, so I decided to lay them out in one of the kids play tables outside to dry. I covered the table with an old window screen and laid rocks on the corners to keep it in place. This was to keep the squirrels out.
Imagine my surprise when I went out to check on the nuts the next day and found that a squirrel had dug a hole through the screen and had stolen several of the nuts! The thief!
We had to move quickly before we were robbed of any more! So, the first step is removing the husk. An easy way to do this is to step on it and roll it around under your shoe. The husk will easily come off, leaving a wet nutshell.
Next the nutshells need to be washed. They will be covered in wet, black residue from the husk. Again, wear gloves! I dumped all of the nuts into a 5 gallon bucket, filled it with water, and stirred it well with a big stick. I dumped out the dirty water and repeated this process about 10 more times. The nuts that floated I tossed out. Supposedly those are the bad nuts.
Another note: Don’t leave the husks anywhere on the ground where you want to grow other plants. They have some sort of chemical in them that makes it really hard for some trees and plants to grow. For this reason you should not try to compost the husks either.
Once the nuts were relatively clean, I spread them all back out in the kids table to dry in the sun. I crossed my fingers that the squirrel wouldn’t be back.
Later in the day I went out to check on the nuts. They were dry. Good. But just as I was about to go in and get a bag to collect the nuts in I spotted something creeping out of the trees… that rascally squirrel was back!
I sat down on a bench in the yard and watched what it would do. Slowly she crept up to where the nuts were. I got my camera ready, for evidence of course. Then, in the blink of an eye, that booger grabbed a nut and ran full speed ahead back to its nest! I still got a shot of her though. (This photo cracked me up!)
So, now I’ll let the nuts dry for a couple of weeks in a cool, dry place… out of the squirrel’s reach! We did eat some of the nuts as we collected them. We used a rock to break the shells off. They are good fresh, but I think the flavor is better after they’ve cured a little while.
Anyways, I found some other interesting things that you can do with Black Walnuts:
You can use black walnuts to make dye.
You can even dye your hair darker using black walnuts!
You can also make a wonderful fiber dye, wood stain, ink or paint with these nut husks.
Black Walnuts are also used in many herbal remedies!!
I plan on doing some baking with what we collected. I’m sure I can come up with some yummy Christmas gift treats!
What about you? Have you ever harvested Black Walnuts? Have any advice or recipes to share??